3 Outside Up Down Patterns: Definition, Characteristics, Meaning

The first two candles of this candlestick pattern form bearish Engulfing. Therefore, it’s best to utilize another method for deciding when to take profits, should they develop. This could include using a trailing stop loss, exiting at a predetermined risk/reward ratio, or using technical indicators or other candlestick patterns to signal an exit. To swing-trade an uptrend, wait for the price to pull back to a trend line, long-period moving average, or support level. Then, watch out for the three outside up pattern, and if you see one, place a buy trade at the open of the next day after the pattern has completed.

Add the third candlestick and you get a different, stronger pattern that means the same thing. The first candle is a bearish one, followed by a longer engulfing bullish candlestick. The third candlestick is a medium-sized candle with a higher close level to its prior candle. This candlestick pattern is powerful and has a significant reputation in the market in terms of its success ratio.

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  • When the price makes a pullback, it is likely to reverse around the moving average level.
  • However, in an up-trending market, the resistance levels would often become support levels when the price climbs above them.

This is one of the many candlestick patterns every trader should know. A three outside up pattern consists of four candlesticks that form near support levels. The weakening bear’s momentum emboldened the bulls to step up and take control, which is confirmed by the long bullish engulfing candlestick that formed the next trading day. This last small bullish candlestick is considered the first candlestick in the Three Outside Down pattern. At the end of the trading day, you have a long bearish engulfing candlestick that indicates a possible downward reversal. They are a four candlestick pattern that takes place near resistance levels.

How To Identify The Three Outside Down Candlestick Pattern

Trend lines are very helpful in identifying the direction of the trend so that you don’t trade against the trend. With the three outside up pattern, you are interested in an uptrend. Now, let’s take a look at sentiments behind the three outside up pattern and why it is likely to occur at a known support level. As you already know, the market is made up of buyers, who are also called the bulls, and sellers, who are also called the bears. Sellers drive a downward price movement, while buyers push the price up.

For the Three White Soldiers pattern to be completed, the last candlestick should be at least the same size as the second candle and have a small or no shadow. Also, the second candlestick should close near its high, leaving a small or non-existent upper wick. Elearnmarkets (ELM) is a complete financial market portal where the market experts have taken the onus to spread financial education. ELM constantly experiments with new education methodologies and technologies to make financial education effective, affordable and accessible to all. The body of the candle, on the other hand, stays modest, which could indicate a slowdown in buying enthusiasm. Finally, the second candle opens ‘gap up,’ indicating the bulls’ attempt to push prices farther higher.

The three outside up and three outside down patterns occur frequently and are reliable indicators of a reversal. Traders can use these indicators as primary buying or selling signals but still watch for confirmations from other chart patterns https://1investing.in/ or technical indicators. Another popular way of trading the Three Outside Up candlestick pattern is using the Fibonacci retracement tool. The idea here is to trade pullbacks to the moving average when the price is on an uptrend.

Price Action Trading- 7 Things to Consider Before Placing a Trade

The aim of a swing trader in a downtrend is to ride down the downswings when the pullbacks reverse. The security continues to post losses, dropping price below the range of the first candle, completing a bearish outside day candlestick. This raises bear confidence and sets off selling signals confirmed when the security has a new low on the third candle. The security continues to post losses, seeing its price drop below the range of the first candle, completing a bearish outside day candlestick.

Triple candlestick patterns: Understand Three Outside up and Three Outside Down Candlestick Patterns

A bearish nature candlestick of medium size with almost equal upper and lower wicks will appear on the chart. This pattern usually appears in a downtrend pattern, where prices of the assets show a tendency for a dip in the market. Since we are looking for moves to the downside, we want to trade the Three Outside Down using resistance levels. The Three Outside Down pattern is also a mirrored version of the Three Outside Up candlestick pattern.

The market psychology behind the Three Outside Down pattern

Though not ugly, the title feels disjointed and awkward, and it doesn’t convey a lovely image or idea. Yet despite its middling name, this bullish reversal pattern can help you forecast a change on the horizon. To learn more about the Three Outside Up candlestick pattern, please scroll down.


If you want a few bones from my Encyclopedia of candlestick charts book, here are three to chew on. The next two examples occur during an overall price rise and occur during pullbacks against that rise. Once the pattern occurs, the price begins to move higher again, although not necessarily right away. In both cases, the price pauses after the pattern before moving up.

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Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses.

Third, a longer white (or green) candle must “engulf” the prior candle. This means that the top of its body will be above the prior candle’s body, and the bottom of its body will be below the prior candle’s body. Fourth and finally, another white (or green) candle will follow, confirming the sudden uptrend. The easier way to learn swing trading is to enroll in a swing trading course. The easier way to learn swing trading is to enroll in this robust swing trading course. To evaluate the accuracy of the Three Outside Down pattern, a backtest can be performed.

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